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Importing products from China to the European Union? Depending on the product, importers are required to ensure full compliance with all relevant CE directives – a process that is far more complex than requesting a test report from your supplier.
In this guide, we explain what you must know about CE marking as an importer:
What is CE Marking?
List of CE Marking Directives
Laboratory testing requirements
Fake CE Certificates
We also answer frequently asked questions about CE marking:
Are non-EU companies and exporters required to comply with CE marking rules?
Which products must be CE Marked?
Must all products sold in the EU carry the CE mark?
Is the importer or manufacturer responsible for ensuring CE compliance?
What can happen if I importer non-CE compliant products?
Are all Chinese manufacturers able to produce CE compliant products?
CPSIA compliance is mandatory when importing and selling all toys and children’s products in the United States. In this guide, you will learn what both US and foreign importers must know about ensuring CPSIA compliance when buying products from China and other countries in Asia.
What is CPSIA?
CPSIA Regulated Products
CPSIA Tracking labels
CPSIA Lab Testing
Children’s Product Certificate (CPC)
Consumer Registration Cards
Amazon and CPSIA compliance
What is CPSIA?
The CPSIA regulates various aspects of a product. However, all children’s products are subject to the following:
1. All children’s products must be compliant with all relevant safety regulations
2. All children’s products must be tested by a CPSC approved laboratory (there are certain exceptions)
3. All children’s products must have a tracking label attached to the product and/or the product packaging
But that’s not all. The importer shall also issue a Children’s Product Certificate, which is a document stating that the imported product is compliant with the relevant regulations. Click here for sample templates.
Planning to import wood products or packaging carrying the FSC (Forest Stewardship Council) from China, Vietnam or elsewhere in Asia? In this article, I explain how an FSC supply chain works, and what you must do to use the prestigious FSC logo on your product or packaging.
This is covered
Which products can carry the FSC logo?
What is FSC Certification?
FSC Forest Management Certification
FSC Chain of Custody Certification
FSC 100% and FSC Mix Labels
When can importers use the FSC Label?
How do I know if a supplier in Asia is FSC COC certified?
Product compliance is much more than just laboratory testing. European importers, in virtually every industry, are obliged to issue certain documentation – to demonstrate compliance with all applicable product regulations.
Perhaps the most important of all documents is the Declaration of Conformity (DoC).
It’s a rather complex topic, so we decided to ask an expert. His name is Ferry Vermeulen, founder of INSTRKTIV.com.
In this article, Ferry explains what every EU based importer must know about drafting a Declaration of Conformity, and the various other documents you need.
Ferry, tell us a bit about yourself and Instrktiv.com
I am founder and director of business development at INSTRKTIV. After starting my own industrial design agency back in 2006, I co-founded the company Manualise in 2009.
As the CEO from 2009 – 2015, my content strategy brought the company over 15 #1 Google positions on main keywords like ‘creating user manuals’ which led to many international clients, such as Electrolux, AkzoNobel, Schneider Electric and Lid.
In 2016 I founded INSTRKTIV GmbH and moved from Amsterdam to Berlin. INSTRKTIV helps companies and brands to produce their technical documentation.
The company stands for content quality, both in the field of usability and liability: The manual as a legal document, which not only serves the keystone in terms of liability but also promotes safe and proper use, is at the core of this.
It makes me happy to help German and international companies developing appealing and compliant documentation which contribute to a better user experience.
We often write about product compliance on Chinaimportal.com. However, we thought it was about time to cover a different angle: The viewpoint of the supplier. During a recent visit to Shenzhen, I had the opportunity to ask a few critical questions to a leading, unnamed, Watch manufacturer. Keep reading, and learn more about compliance and risks in Watch manufacturing – lessons that can be applied to virtually any industry.
Can you ensure compliance with REACH, RoHS, CA Prop 65 and other substance regulations?
Yes, as our main markets are the United States and the European Union, we must ensure compliance with a variety of standards and regulations. Among them are those you just mentioned: REACH, RoHS and California Proposition 65.
Indeed, many Chinese manufacturers claim compliance with the relevant European Union (CE Mark) and American (FCC and UL) directives and safety standards. But does this really mean that they can maintain the full set of compliance documents for all, or least part, of their products? Well, we decided to find out. In this article, we offer insider insights into the actual state of EU and US product compliance among LED manufacturers.
LED Lighting Safety Standards & Required Documentation
As explained in this article, it’s a common misconception that it’s either the manufacturer’s responsibility to ensure compliance or that the importer must only obtain a product certificate, test report or declaration of conformity. That is, however, not the case. First, as you may already be aware of, the importer is responsible for ensuring compliance – not the manufacturer. Second, as part of this responsibility, the importer must prepare all relevant documents.
In theory, the Chinese manufacturer should be able to produce these documents. Take the CE Technical File for example, which must include the following documents:
Declaration of Conformity
Bill of Materials / Component List
Summary of Standards & Directives
As mentioned, many importers make the assumption that they’re set as long as the supplier can produce a Declaration of Conformity, and the products are labelled with the CE mark. As said, this is entirely incorrect. A full set of compliance documents is mandatory. Now, how many suppliers can actually provide the full set of documents, rather than just the DoC?
The CE mark is a well known compliance marked, found on a wide range of different products, for example electronics, toys and machinery. The CE mark signals compliance with all, to the specific product, applicable regulations: For example the Low Voltage Directive or the EN 71 Toy Safety Directive. The CE Mark is not applicable to all products. However, it is mandatory for all products within its scope of regulations.
As I will further explain in this article, there is a lot more to CE marking than what meets the eye, namely the printed little logo. While many importers are aware that there are requirements for testing and documentation, plenty of businesses fail to understand how such documentation is produced, and what it must include.
Then there is China. CE marking procedures are not developed with importers in mind. While ensuring CE marking compliance is relatively simple for an EU or US based manufacturer, which is only concerned with its own products – it’s far more complex for importers buying from contract manufacturers in China, and other developing countries in Asia. We debunk 6 common myths concerning CE marking when importing from China, and explain the background to each one.
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