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The Chinese New Year (CNY) of 2019 starts on Tuesday, February 5th, and lasts officially for 7 days. While many of us who work in Asia are painfully aware of the Chinese New Year, and the coming disruption to all production, many Importers are caught completely off guard.
As if the rush to get your shipments in time for Christmas is not enough, you now have to make sure that your goods are ready well before your supplier close the shop for CNY 2019. During this holiday, all factories are shut down. Without exception.
While the official holiday only lasts for around a week to ten days, most factories are closed for an entire month. With severe delays to be expected once they open up again in March.
This time is especially risky for products that are due for shipment in the spring and summer season. Think swimwear and outdoor furniture.
Now is the time to prepare, and in this article, I will explain how you can avoid delayed shipments and quality issues during the Chinese New Year of 2019.
1. Production is halted one or two weeks before the Chinese New Years Eve
While the Chinese New Year Eve is set on February 5th, 2019, all suppliers start to wind down operations one to two weeks in advance.
As such, the CNY puts a halt to mass production, and even sample orders, far earlier than many buyers anticipate. This is not always in your supplier’s direct control.
One component and materials subcontractor closing doors a few days earlier can essentially result in an unexpected and early shutdown of the supply chain.
This partly explains why different companies close their doors on different dates. Get a confirmation on their schedule well in advance to prevent delayed orders.
However, administrative functions tend to be operational a week or two longer, than the production lines. As such, you can, at least, save some of the runways on sample development and contract negotiations, that may take place at this time.
Watch this video to learn how to get your product made in China, Vietnam & India
2. Production is halted for a minimum of two weeks after the Chinese New Years Eve
While the official holiday is only lasting for roughly 5 working days, plus two weekends, most workers remain in their home provinces for an extra week or two.
This explains why most suppliers are not back in business until two, sometimes even three, weeks after the Chinese New Years Eve.
You will have a hard time reaching any representatives, including the salespeople, on CNY eve and the following days.
However, they will most likely be available to handle administrative tasks within 5 to 7 days. Don’t hesitate to contact them at this time frame.
3. Getting operations back to normal can take up to a month (or more)
Eventually, everything gets back to normal. Hopefully. The truth is that many manufacturers struggle to get back to a normal mode of operations in the weeks after the Chinese New Year.
The primary reason for this being workers who simply don’t return to their former employers, without any prior announcement.
Depending on the number of workers departing in secret, it can cause severe disruptions across the supply chain. Finding, and training, a new batch of workers provides new challenges of its own. Skilled workers are, to a certain degree, replaced by rookies.
This is one, of two reasons, why the risk of quality issues is at its peak right after the end of the Chinese New Year. Every trade takes its own time to master.
This is just one, of many reasons, why you should never relax your quality assurance and inspection procedures. The other reason for an increase in Post-CNY quality issues, as hinted above, is the large number of orders a (moderately successful) supplier, and its subcontractors have stacked up.
This may include a backlog of orders from early December and onward, depending on the production time needed. This is stretching the suppliers’ capabilities to its maximum.
Plenty of suppliers, even those who are not so busy, just use the general Post-CNY stress as an excuse for being slow and providing poor service. That’s worth mentioning too.
4. How to avoid severe delays due to the CNY
Now that you are aware of the somewhat complex dynamics of the Chinese New Year, and how it may affect your business, it’s about time to explain how you can prevent related delays and quality issues.
a. Place your orders in time: Ensure that production starts in late November, at the latest. That assumes an average production time of 30 to 40 days. If longer, you must start counting backward.
Counting on tight schedules is never wise, so make sure that you confirm when your supplier halts production and accept new orders. Try to have a minimum 2-week buffer between the end date of the production, and the date they close.
b. Avoid placing last minute orders in January: Remember what I mentioned about the risk of quality issues Post-CNY? The same applies to the January rush, leading up to the CNY.
Never place orders at this time, as the goods will most likely not ship on time while the risk of quality issues increase.
c. Keep things moving forward, to the extent possible: While production halts relatively early, sales, engineering and administrative departments are more flexible.
Hence, you can move forward with due diligence, price research, sample orders and negotiations as usual.
d. Don’t make deposit payments prior to the Chinese New Year: Some suppliers never open again. If they do intend to shut down, they’ll most likely do so at the time of the CNY.
5. CNY 2019 Timeline
Notice that this is a rough timeline. Ultimately, it depends on the suppliers’ schedule.
- November: Confirm when your supplier is closing and reopening for the CNY
- December 10 – 15: Last day to place an order for delivery before the CNY
- January 21: Some suppliers and subcontractors stop production, causing disruption in the supply chain
- January 28: Many workers have already left the factories. Sales reps, engineers and management may still be around for a couple of days more.
- February 4: All personnel has left the factory
- February 5: Chinese New Years Eve
- February 18: Employees, mostly sales reps and some engineers, start to come back. Some may have extended holidays.
- February 25: Most employees, including assembly line workers, are back in the factories.
- March 4: Operations are getting back to normal after the Post-CNY disruption.
6. CNY Dates
Unlike the Gregorian New Year’s Eve, which occurs on the same date every year, the Chinese New Year begins and ends and various dates in the calendar.
The earliest possible date is January 21 and the latest possible date is February 20. Below follows a list the CNY dates for the coming ten years:
- 2019: February 5
- 2020: January 25
- 2021: February 12
- 2022: February 1
- 2023: January 22
- 2024: February 10
- 2025: January 29
- 2026: February 17
- 2027: February 6
7. Are really all suppliers closed during the Chinese New Year?
Yes, all factories are closed down during this period. Without exception.
Asking a supplier to keep production going during the CNY is the same as asking you to work on Christmas. While some of us still do that, it’s not something to be expected.
And no, it doesn’t matter if the CNY results in your order being delayed.
8. Do all countries in Asia celebrate the CNY?
Not at all. Asia is much larger than just China. That said, the lunar year (which is the proper term for the CNY) is celebrated in Vietnam, and among the Chinese community in South East Asia.
That said, it only disrupts production in Mainland China, and to a lesser extent, in Vietnam. The latter celebrates the Vietnamese New Year on Feb 16th, which is the same day as in China.
9. When is the last day to visit a supplier before the CNY?
I suggest that you go at least one month in advance if you really have to go before. As many suppliers don’t accept new orders (even for samples) in the weeks before CNY, you might get more done if you visit them once they open again.
That said, you can still negotiate contracts, and get feedback on your specifications before they close.
10. Should I pay a deposit before the CNY?
No. Many suppliers that are about to go out of business, tend to close down permanently at the time of the Chinese New Year.
Further, once they start production again, you should not take for granted that they will process your order faster simply because you paid the deposit before CNY.
11. Do Hong Kong-based suppliers also close for CNY?
The Chinese New Year is a public holiday in Hong Kong, just like in Mainland China. However, most companies only close for a few days, rather than weeks.
That said, Hong Kong-based companies have their manufacturing facilities in Mainland China or other countries in the region. As such, they face the same disruption as everyone else.
12. Why is the risk of quality issues higher post-CNY?
After the CNY, a significant percentage of the workers don’t return to their factory. Instead, they look for employment in their hometowns and pronvinces.
As such, the factories need to bring in a new batch of untrained workers each year to manage the post-CNY surge in production. A large production volume combined with poorly trained staff is a potent mix that often results in severe quality issues and misunderstandings.
Whatever you do, don’t cut down on quality checks in march, april and may.
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